Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Hello friends, for all robotics lovers Artificial Intelligence (AI) is always be an exciting topic. It is really beyond the reach of Humans that’s why till now we are not able to design an Ultimate Artificial Intelligence bot. Recently I have heard news about Hanson Robotics and its new BOT Sophia. Sophia bot is perfect in facial expression and a lot of features so from that news I got a topic for this blog.
Defining Artificial Intelligence (AI) is really hard, because when we talk about AI most of the people think that Artificial Intelligence is a concept that is being used in Hollywood Movies. Like Terminator, I Robot & Star Wars. And A.I. Artificial Intelligence (release date 2001). But Actually AI is not much simple as shown in Movies.
Let me clear the picture, First of All Artificial Intelligence is not only used in Robotics, It is used in many field like in software Programs, in Computer Games and in Big Data Analysis. Even AI is also used in hardware level like SMART Transmitters or any sophisticated control system. AI is like a space you can feel the starting point but never can reach at the end, it is a very vast topic. It starts from abacus or calculator and goes to self-decision making machine.
Ultimate AI, no doubt if it is possible it will be creation of Humans by a process or a system. Now be specified about Artificial Intelligence, it include ability to learn, ability to memorize things and categories past event, ability to imagination and very important ability to generate a new idea. After the up gradation of electronic we are to program a machine for some specific work.
Now after reading above paragraph it is clear that “what is AI”. At least conceptually it is clear to you. Now I would focus on how Artificial Intelligence works?
In 1965 Moor’s Law came. It was an observation that number of transistors (in integrated chip) doubles approximately in every two year. His prediction worked for several decades. He was the co-founder of Intel & Fairchild Semiconductor.
It means our electronic devices become twice powerful in two years (in terms of computation power), now with this computation power if we introduce memory element it will become more powerful because it can store data & different event and also this stored data can be retrieve on demand. So by above action device become intelligent or in industrial language it is a SMART device. So once again a SMART device can perform some calculation or logical function and it can store some data and also that store data can be retrieve if required. In industry you will get a lot of SMART device i.e. your android phone, Computers, TVs etc. In fact these devices have ability to perform some preloaded task.
In general Artificial Intelligence can be classified in three categories.
- Low level Artificial Intelligence OR weak AI: It works in a focused zone. It doesn’t have any self-awareness, no learning capability and no genuine intelligence. SIRI is the best example for Low level Intelligence; it can perform a lot of task but fails in outside question.
- Strong Artificial Intelligence: It is equivalent to Human Brain. Generally it is referred as AI. So a simple question that how! Humans are Intelligent? According to spirituality Humans are intelligent due to these four things. MANAS,BUDDHI, CHITTA & AHAMKARA. MANAS means Doubt, Human start thinking when he faces any doubt. BUDDHI means analysing capability. It starts works after thinking. CHITTA means memory. It is used in analysis and the last one is AHAMKARA. It means “I Know” it is the end of all above process. So in terms of computer language it is an A.I. program which is running in all human brains and that make us intelligent.
- Ultimate Artificial Intelligence: Human brain also has some limitations. For example we can’t remember all things, we can distract easily, and we can’t work continuously and so on. So if we are talking about Ultimate Artificial Intelligence it means it is beyond Human Brain Intelligence. You have seen a Hollywood movie “LUCY”. It is a perfect example of Ultimate Intelligence.
Now many scientists are working on Artificial Intelligence, they are developing an algorithm for machine learning. I have started a book “The Master Algorithm: How the Quest for the Ultimate Learning Machine Will Remake Our World” here many type of machine learning explained in detail with simple language. Also for understanding Artificial intelligence a little bit programming skill is required. If you want to know about Robotic Programming languages for starting a robotic project check my blog “6 Must Know Languages for coding a Robotic Project”.
If I have missed something about Artificial Intelligence in this blog Please post in comment and also share this article among crazy guys.